بررسی تمایل روستاییان به استفاده از سوخت‌های زیستی و عوامل مؤثر بر آن در شهرستان طارم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران.

3 دانشیار، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی و عمران روستایی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ملاثانی، ایران.

چکیده

با توجه به اینکه جهان امروز با دو بحران بزرگ آلودگی زیست‌محیطی در اثر استفاده از سوخت‌های فسیلی و کاهش میزان آن‌ها روبه‌رو است، تأمین انرژی از طریق انرژی‌های تجدید‌پذیر به‌عنوان راه‌حلی پایدار موردتوجه واقع شده است. هدف تحقیق حاضر بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر تمایل به استفاده از سوخت‌های زیستی در میان روستاییان است. جامعه آماری پژوهش، سرپرستان خانوار در مناطق روستایی دهستان چورزق در شهرستان طارم بودند (2742 =N). حجم نمونه با استفاده از رابطه کوکران 161 نفر برآورد گردید و نمونه‌ها با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. جهت گردآوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه محقق‌ساخته استفاده گردید که روایی آن با استفاده از پانل اعضای هیئت‌علمی و پس از انجام اصلاحات مورد‌نظر تأیید شد. به‌منظور سنجش پایایی ابزار تحقیق از آزمون راهنما و محاسبه ضریب کرونباخ آلفا استفاده شد که مقدار آن برای بخش سنجش تمایل روستاییان به استفاده از سوخت‌های زیستی، 81/0 به دست آمد. تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها در دو بخش آمار توصیفی و استنباط با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSSwin21 انجام شد. نتایج تحلیل عوامل مؤثر بر تمایل روستاییان نسبت به استفاده از سوخت‌های زیستی با استفاده از رگرسیون خطی به روش گام‌به‌گام نشان داد هفت متغیر شامل احتمال خطر، نگرش به سوخت‌های زیستی، خودکارآمدی، آموزش، حذف یارانه سوخت‌های فسیلی و تشویق استفاده از سوخت‌های زیستی، افزایش آگاهی عمومی درباره مزایای سوخت‌های زیستی و موانع درک‌شده بر متغیر وابسته تأثیرگذار هستند و 6/40 درصد از آن را تبیین می‌کنند.

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